C++ Standard Library

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The C++ Standard Library can be categorized into two parts:

  1. The Standard Function Library: This library consists of general-purpose,stand-alone functions that are not part of any class. The function library is inherited from C.

  2. The Object Oriented Class Library: A collection of classes and associated functions.

Standard C++ Libarary incorporates all the Standard C libraries also, with small additions and changes to support type safety.

The Standard Function Library:

The standard function library is divided into the following categories:

  • I/O

  • String and character handling

  • Mathematical

  • Time, date, and localization

  • Dynamic allocation

  • Miscellaneous

  • Wide-character functions

The Object Oriented Class Library:

Standard C++ Object Oriented Library defines an extensive set of classes that provide support for a number of common activities, including I/O, strings, and numeric processing. This library includes following:

  • The Standard C++ I/O Classes

  • The String Class

  • The Numeric Classes

  • The STL Container Classes

  • The STL Algorithms

  • The STL Function Objects

  • The STL Iterators

  • The STL Allocators

  • The Localization library

  • Exception Handling Classes

  • Miscellaneous Support Library

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