Reserved characters in HTML must be replaced with character entities.
Some characters are reserved in HTML.
It is not possible to use the less than (<) or greater than (>) signs in your text, because
the browser will mix them with tags.
To actually display reserved characters, we must use character entities in the HTML source
A character entity looks like this:
To display a less than sign we must write: < or <
Hint: The advantage of using an entity name, instead of a number, is that the name is
easier to remember. However, the disadvantage is that browsers may not support all entity names
(the support for entity numbers is very good).
A common character entity used in HTML is the non-breaking space ( ).
Browsers will always truncate spaces in HTML pages. If you write 10 spaces in your text, the
browser will remove 9 of them, before displaying the page. To add spaces to your text, you can
use the character entity.
Note: Entity names are case sensitive
For a complete reference of all character entities, visit our HTML Entities Reference.
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