HTML Introduction

« QcTutorials Home Next Chapter »

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en-US">
<title>An Example for testing - QcTutorials </title>

<h1>A Heading</h1>

<p>A paragraph.</p>

Code it Online »

What is HTML?

HTML is a language for describing web pages.

  • HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language
  • HTML is not a programming language, it is a markup language
  • HTML was created by Berners-Lee late 1991
  • The first standard HTML (HTML 2.0) published in 1995.
  • Major version of HTML (HTML 4.01) was published in 1999.
  • HTML-5 was launched next to HTML 4.01, published in 2012.


HTML markup tags are usually called HTML tags

  • HTML tags are keywords surrounded by angle brackets like <html>
  • HTML tags normally come in pairs like <b> and </b>
  • The first tag in a pair is the start tag, the second tag is the end tag
  • Start and end tags are also called opening tags and closing tags

HTML Documents = Web Pages

  • HTML documents describe web pages
  • HTML documents contain HTML tags and plain text
  • HTML documents are also called web pages

The purpose of a web browser (like Internet Explorer or Firefox) is to read HTML documents and display them as web pages. The browser does not display the HTML tags, but uses the tags to interpret Content of the page:


<h1>A Heading</h1>

<p>A paragraph.</p>


Example Explained

  • The text between <html> and </html> describes the web page
  • The text between <body> and </body> is the visible page content
  • The text between <h1> and </h1> is displayed as a heading
  • The text between <p> and </p> is displayed as a paragraph

« QcTutorials Home Next Chapter »

Have Any Suggestion? We Are Waiting To Hear from YOU!

Your Query was successfully sent!