An HTML5 document with the correct doctype:
The <!DOCTYPE> declaration must be the very first thing in your HTML5 document, before the
The doctype declaration is not an HTML tag; it is an instruction to the web browser about what
version of the markup language the page is written in.
It is important that you specify the doctype in all HTML documents, so that the browser knows
what type of document to expect.
The doctype in HTML 4.01 required a reference to a DTD, because HTML 4.01 was based on SGML.
HTML5 is not based on SGML, and does not require a reference to a DTD, but need the doctype for
browsers to behave as they should.
There are 3 different doctypes in HTML 4.01, In HTML5 there is only one:
Note: The <!DOCTYPE> tag does not have an end tag.
Hint: The <!DOCTYPE> declaration is NOT case sensitive.
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