MySQL is the most popular open-source database system.
MySQL is a database.
The data in MySQL is stored in database objects called tables.
A table is a collections of related data entries and it consists of columns and rows.
Databases are useful when storing information categorically. A company may have a database with
the following tables: "Friends", "Products", "Customers" and
A database most often contains one or more tables. Every table is identified by a name (e.g.
"Customers" or "Orders"). Tables contain records (rows) with data.
Below is an example of a table called "Persons":
The table above contains three records (one for each person) and four columns (LastName,
FirstName, Address, and City).
A query is a question or a request.
With MySQL, we can query a database for specific information and have a recordset returned.
Look at the following query:
The query above selects all the data in the "LastName" column from the "Persons"
table, and will return a recordset like this:
If you don't have a PHP server with a MySQL Database, you can download MySQL for free here: http://www.mysql.com/downloads/index.html
One great thing about MySQL is that it can be scaled down to support embedded database
applications. Perhaps it is because of this reputation that many people believe that MySQL can
only handle small to medium-sized systems.
The truth is that MySQL is the de-facto standard database for web sites that support huge volumes
of both data and end users (like Friendster, Yahoo, Google).
Look at http://www.mysql.com/customers/
for an overview of companies using MySQL.
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