XML Schemas define the elements of your XML files.
A simple element is an XML element that contains only text. It cannot contain any other elements
A simple element is an XML element that can contain only text. It cannot contain any other
elements or attributes.
However, the "only text" restriction is quite misleading. The text can be of many
different types. It can be one of the types included in the XML Schema definition (boolean,
string, date, etc.), or it can be a custom type that you can define yourself.
You can also add restrictions (facets) to a data type in order to limit its content, or you can
require the data to match a specific pattern.
The syntax for defining a simple element is:
where xxx is the name of the element and yyy is the data type of the element.
XML Schema has a lot of built-in data types. The most common types are:
Here are some XML elements:
And here are the corresponding simple element definitions:
Simple elements may have a default value OR a fixed value specified.
A default value is automatically assigned to the element when no other value is specified.
In the following example the default value is "red":
A fixed value is also automatically assigned to the element, and you cannot specify another
In the following example the fixed value is "red":
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